At a listening to earlier than the U.N.’s highest courtroom, South Africa on Tuesday known as Israel’s insurance policies towards Palestinians an “excessive type of apartheid” and argued that its occupation of territory looked for an eventual Palestinian state was “basically unlawful.”

The listening to on the Worldwide Court docket of Justice in The Hague is one among two issues being heard about Israel, a part of a concerted effort to leverage the authority of the courtroom and the worldwide attain of the U.N. to cease the conflict in Gaza and study the legality of Israel’s insurance policies towards the Palestinians.

Beginning this week and lasting six days, the courtroom is listening to arguments on Israel’s conduct, following a request by the United Nations Normal Meeting greater than a yr in the past. Within the different matter, a case, which started in January, South Africa accuses Israel of committing genocide in its ongoing conflict in opposition to Hamas in Gaza.

Israel has strongly rejected these accusations.

The most recent proceedings, which started on Monday, deal with the legality of Israel’s “occupation, settlement and annexation” of Palestinian-majority territories, together with the West Financial institution and East Jerusalem. South Africa and plenty of different international locations which have requested to handle the courtroom argue that Israel’s decades-long occupation violates the Palestinians’ proper to self-determination and that its safety equipment, together with a large wall, quantities to racial segregation.

Greater than 50 international locations and three regional blocs are scheduled to argue earlier than the 15-judge bench over the following week, a degree of participation by no means earlier than seen on the courtroom.

The hearings on Israel’s insurance policies have gained urgency amid the bloodshed of the conflict in Gaza. They arrive lower than a month after the court ordered Israel to restrain its assaults within the Hamas-controlled territory within the genocide case.

The courtroom is anticipated to reply the questions on the legality of Israel’s conduct with an advisory opinion that might be nonbinding.

Palestinians “proceed to be subjected to discriminating land zoning and planning insurance policies, to punitive home demolitions and violent incursions into their villages, cities and cities,” South Africa’s ambassador to the Netherlands, Vusi Madonsela, mentioned in an handle to the courtroom on Tuesday.

Israel has lengthy rejected accusations that it operates an apartheid system, calling such allegations a slur and pointing to a historical past of being singled out for condemnation by U.N. our bodies and tribunals.

Additionally on Tuesday, the 22-nation Arab Group of the U.N. submitted a decision to the Safety Council calling for a direct cease-fire in Gaza. The US vetoed the decision for the third time.

Israel mentioned it could not take part on this week’s hearings in The Hague, saying the premise earlier than the courtroom was unwarranted and biased. Final yr, Israel delivered a letter to the courtroom through which it argued that the main focus of the proceedings did not “acknowledge Israel’s proper and obligation to guard its residents,” to acknowledge Israel’s safety or to consider years of agreements with the Palestinians to barter “the everlasting standing of the territory, safety preparations, settlements and borders.”

Prime Minister Benjamin Netanyahu of Israel mentioned in a press release on Monday that the case is “a part of the Palestinian try and dictate the outcomes of the political settlement with out negotiations.”

The conflict in Gaza, which the Gazan Well being Ministry mentioned has killed greater than 26,000 individuals and which was began by final yr’s Hamas-led terrorist assault on southern Israel that killed 1,200, is foremost within the public’s thoughts, however it’s not the conflict most related to the current hearings.

Israel captured the West Financial institution and East Jerusalem from Jordan and the Gaza Strip from Egypt in a 1967 conflict with its Arab neighbors. Israel ended its occupation of Gaza in 2005. It considers elements of the occupied West Financial institution to be disputed territory, and has constructed settlements there, which a lot of the world considers unlawful. After the 1967 conflict, Israel formally annexed East Jerusalem and considers the unified metropolis its capital.

South Africa and different audio system have argued that the proliferation of Jewish settlements, lots of that are full-fledged cities, means that the occupation is just not momentary, however everlasting.

Assist for the Palestinians has lengthy been a well-liked rallying cry in South Africa and its governing celebration, the African Nationwide Congress, has typically in contrast Israel’s insurance policies to these of apartheid-era South Africa.

In his arguments on Tuesday, Mr. Madonsela, the South African diplomat, recalled his nation’s historical past of racial segregation and invoked one among apartheid’s most well-known critics, the Archbishop Desmond Tutu.

Citing the separate courtroom programs, land zoning guidelines, roads and housing rights for Palestinians, he mentioned Israel had put in place a “two-tier system of legal guidelines, guidelines and providers” that profit Jewish settlers whereas “denying Palestinians rights.”

Mr. Madonsela quoted a 2010 assertion from Archbishop Tutu, through which the Nobel laureate mentioned Israel maintains a system for the “two populations within the West Financial institution, which supplies preferential providers, improvement and advantages for Jewish settlers whereas imposing harsh situations on Palestinians. This, in my ebook, is apartheid. It’s untenable.”

South Africans see “an much more excessive type of the apartheid that was institutionalized in opposition to Black individuals in my nation,” Mr. Madonsela mentioned. He mentioned that South Africa had a particular obligation to name out apartheid practices wherever they happen. He additionally known as on Israel to dismantle the separation wall between Israel and the West Bank, which the courtroom had ordered be eliminated in 2004 and nonetheless stands.

The US is scheduled to make arguments on Wednesday.

The judges are anticipated to take roughly 5 months to subject their advisory opinion.

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